Reference

Reading material, external web sites, suppliers of meteorological equipment etc.

Climate Change

Web sites relating to Global Climate Change.

This section is intended to give a list of sites on the Internet (biased towards the European area) that give information relating to the climate change discussion.

Met Office / Hadley Centre
The Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction & Research, is an integral part of the Met Office (located at Exeter). The centre is the focus of research into the scientific aspects of climate change and this site provides a useful starting point for information. It is funded via contracts from UK central government, particularly the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and the European Commission (EC).

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is jointly funded by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP). It aims to assess the raw science and the effects of climate change, and offers mitigating options or strategies for adaptation to human-forced climate change. This particular link will take you to the web site of working group 2 (WGII), which deals with impacts, adaptation and vulnerability, but is a useful jumping-off point for the whole range of IPCC activities.

Climatic Research Unit (University of East Anglia)
The Climatic Research Unit (CRU) is a small organisation, but is generally recognised as one of the leaders into the study of natural and anthropogenically-forced climate change. It works in collaboration with the Hadley Centre and other organisations (though independent from such), looking at climate history, the impact and cause of change and trends for the future.

Tyndall Centre
The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research is funded by several research councils within the UK, and also gets some central government support. It aims to develop strategies for sustainable response to climate change, and acts as a focus for dialogue (nationally and internationally) across academic, business, media and government interests, as well as helping to educate the general public.

BBC Weather Centre information pages (BBCi)
Although there would not be any 'original' research on this site, because of the world-renowned status of the BBC, and particularly its web-site (BBCi), this source is a useful first-point of call for those wishing to brief themselves on the climate change debate. It can be recommended particularly for school-level studies as a jumping-off point to some of the other sites mentioned in this section. The BBC is funded by the UK broadcast licence fee.

UK Climate Impacts Programme
The UKCIP aims to help organisations assess how they might be affected by climate change. It is funded by DEFRA and based at the University of Oxford. No underlying science will be found here, rather advice based on work by, for example, the Hadley Centre & the IPCC as to how the UK can adapt to changes foreseen.

Climate Change FAQ
This is the classical way that the old 'usenet' community would keep itself updated on specific topics: by having a FAQ (Frequently Asked/Answered Questions) list available. At the time of writing this section, you should note that this FAQ was last updated in 1997, so care needed.

MMU Student Guide to Climate Change
This is a huge document, intended as a briefing resource for students studying on the various environmental courses at the Manchester Metropolitan University. I don't think it is intended that you plough through it from page 1, but by using the menus, some very useful information is contained therein.

US Global Change Research Information Office
To quote from the home page .. "since 1993, disseminating scientific research information useful in preventing, mitigating, or adapting to the effects of global change." As it is US federal government funded, it carries weight and offsets somewhat the oft-held view that all in the States don't care about 'global warming': careful perusal of this site suggests otherwise.

Evert Wesker's site relating to the climate change debate
This is a personal site maintained by someone who works in the Oil industry - no, don't switch off! There is much good sense here, as well as many links to other points of information. Issues addressed are those that we all think about / discuss from time-to-time.

Alastair McDonald's site, primarily relating to sea-ice changes
Alastair's particular interest lies in the changes of sea-ice and ocean temperatures - particularly in the Northern Hemisphere. The site is particularly useful for the comparison over recent years in the extent of Arctic sea-ice.

Suppliers

Some suppliers of meteorological equipment and associated services.

Equipment & services.

General suppliers of equipment & services.

 

Barber InSys

The WS family are a range of professional meteorological sensors for temperature, humidity, barometric pressure, precipitation (type & quantity), wind speed/direction. Digital communication via the Lufft UMB open protocol interface module for integration into OEM systems such as pollution monitoring or road weather information systems etc.

Campbell Scientific Ltd

The supply of professional automatic weather stations, including configurations approved by The Met.Office. The systems use high-quality components and so are not the cheapest. However, they are accurate, rugged and reliable and can be configured according to requirements.

Casella Limited

An extensive range of Classical Meteorological Instrumentation for monitoring temperature, sunshine, airflow, humidity, pressure and rainfall. Along side the classical range, Automatic Weather Stations are available. These resilient units use new technologies with easy to use WindowsTM software and a wide range of sensors to measure meteorological variables.

Diplex Ltd
(Current status of this company is unknown: 22 Jan 2008)

Diplex have many years experience in the supply of an extensive range of quality equipment at affordable prices to both the amateur and professional/educational community. Conventional thermometers, hygrometers, barometers and rain-gauges are of course available, but rugged, easy-to-use distant-reading electronic units to monitor temperature, relative humidity and rainfall are also offered. An inexpensive instrument screen for self-assembly is available and a wide range of recording instruments in attractive mountings, including barographs, thermographs, hygrographs, thermo-hygrographs, along with complete Weather Stations (analogue & electronic/wireless): anemometers are also supplied.

Fairmount Weather Systems

Fairmount are manufacturers a wide-range of meteorological instrumentation, from traditional to the latest design. The range includes: Automatic Weather Stations, Environmental Monitoring Systems, Data Collection Platforms & satellite reception systems. Some items available (from a wide range) are: copper rain-gauges, autographic recorders, wind vanes/anemometers, tipping bucket rain-gauges & a full range of high-grade thermometers. Also available are pens, charts, spare parts etc., as well as sunshine cards for Campbell-Stokes recorders. The company also manufactures products under design & development contracts as well as precision engineering in their own workshop.

Instromet Ltd (was R & D Instromet)

Weather monitoring instrumentation with classic analogue dials and digital readouts in real wood cabinets or brass cases with optional PC Data-logging. Automatic Weather Stations with large memory,battery back-up and Windows(TM) 'family' software. Parameters measured:- Wind speed, Wind Direction, Temperature, Sunshine Duration, Rainfall, Humidity, Automatic Internet up load. Stand-alone sensors for Wind Speed and Direction, Sunshine Duration etc. Wind Speed/Direction Alarms and Actuators.

McMurdo Ltd (was ICS Electronics)

The Davis range of weather stations - high precision Weather Monitoring solutions for Home and Industry users. Sensor options include: Anemometer, pressure, rainfall, temperature and humidity. Industrial systems also offer UV, Solar radiation and Leaf wetness. A comprehensive Windows (TM) computer data logging interface and a wide range of installation options are available: see web site for more details.

MetCheck

The supply of various weather instrumentation, including raingauges, barometers, hygrometers, thermometers, complete weather stations etc. Also Stevenson-pattern screens & various electronic instruments.

Meteorologica Weather Superstore

From individual items of equipment, through 'desktop' weather monitoring displays to fully-featured weather stations (wireless & cable), this on-line source is fully featured and a wide variety of stock is available. Software & books can also be purchased and of particular interest to many in this newsgroup, a range of lightning detectors. All items can be ordered via the site, paid for using recognised credit / debit cards.

Munro Instruments (the Meteorological Division of the Munro Group)
Munro Instruments supply a wide range of meteorological & hydrological equipment sales & service. Since 1892, Munro has achieved a reputation for excellence in providing instruments & systems of the highest quality to measure, monitor & record environmental phenomena. They offer a full range of equipment from 'traditional' weather observing instruments to the latest electronic equipment. Munro supply equipment to meteorological offices, water authorities & government departments world-wide.

Prodata Associates Ltd
(1) The Davis range of weather instrumentation including the new Vantage Pro range of stations; (2) Software and expertise for linking weather stations to personal computers.

Russell Scientific Instruments
A wide range of products, including 'traditional' instrumentation, digital 'distant reading' units & a variety of thermometer (or 'Stevenson') screens. The firm will also undertake restoration of such as hall barometers.

Sales and Service Company
59A, Station Road, Chingford. London. E4 7BJ (UK)
Tel: 0208 505 3280 (intl: +44 208 505 3280) Fax: 0208 559 0425 (intl: +44 208 559 0425)
Service and supply of spares, recording charts, pens, inks etc., for all types and makes of autographic instruments. Suppliers of weather instrumentation, including: barometers, rain gauges, frost predictors, thermometers, hygrometers, hand anemometers etc.

Skye Instruments Ltd.
A British company with a world-wide reputation for the design & manufacture of high quality environmental instrumentation. Skye’s MiniMet weather station is an accurate yet low-cost system, which can be customised to suit individual requirements. Meteorological parameters such as relative humidity, air/ground temperature, solar radiation, wind speed/direction, rainfall, leaf wetness & barometric pressure can all be monitored. Downloading weather records also possible, through a direct cable link for local installations or a GSM mobile telephone link for remote locations.

Skyview - The Weather Company
Skyview is based in the UK, and supplies a wide range of meteorological, hydrological and marine instruments to commercial, civil, avionic and military authorities worldwide: the equipment would also suit the keen amateur, with competitively priced units ranging from hand-held anemometers and wireless rain-gauges to complete weather monitoring systems (wireless or cable). The company offers a wide range of high technology software and equipment, along with a spares and after-sales support service for such as Oregon, Davis & Lacrosse.

Weather Front/the UK Weather Shop
A wide range of products such as books, posters, thermometers, barometers, anemometers, rain-gauges. Also the latest electronic weather monitoring and recording equipment. All from major manufacturers such as Davis Instruments, Oregon Scientific, Kestrel, BariGo, Diplex etc. See online catalogue or visit the shop. Full details and secure online purchasing available on web site.

Software and support

Suppliers of software and associated support services.


Richard H. Brockmeier

e:mail=rick_brockmeier@msn.com
www/url=http://briefcase.yahoo.com/rhbr@sbcglobal.net
(look in the folder called 'Software' for downloads)
Services supplied: Shareware for recording weather observations (Weather Log). 

Angel Dimitrov, Department of Meteorology, Uni.of Sofia

e:mail=stormlaboratory@yahoo.com
www/url=http://www.stormlab.net/
Services supplied: MeteOS 2002 is a system for creating a wide range of weather plots and loops. It's useful for operational forecasters and weather researchers. It takes data from different ftp servers, starts a numerical model and creates plots. (copied from the MetOS web page ... this application appears to be a very sophisticated tool - see the web site.

Colin Tandy

e:mail=Colin.tandy@btopenworld.com
www/url=http://www.weather.org.uk/software/cdtandy.htm
Services supplied: A range of Windows(TM) software to extract data from the GTS, which are available on the Internet. The data can then be manipulated & presented to professional standards. In particular, "WeatherPlot" - a master menu driven program to call sub-routines to sort / plot surface and upper air data. SYNOP data in particular can be plotted to any scale, for uploading to a web page or printed locally. Tephigrams (or SkewT) & Hodograms can be plotted to assess upper air developments and the 'classic' upper air charts also produced. Designed for both the amateur and professional meteorologist and private aviators and glider pilots. For more details, see the web-page. 

Weather Graphics Technologies (US site)

e:mail=sales@weathergraphics.com
www/url=http://www.weathergraphics.com/
Services supplied: The Digital Atmosphere UK software will automatically download weather data, then display as standard plots, MSLP analyses, wind field analyses etc. Other parameters can be contoured as required. Other software packages are available.

Sandaysoft

e:mail=steve@sandaysoft.com
www/url=http://sandaysoft.com/
Services supplied: Free software for Davis Vantage Pro and Pro2,  Oregon Scientific WM918 and WMR918, WMR 928 and WMR968, and Fine Offset weather stations.

 

Reading Material

Some worthwhile reading.

Books

Some books that are worth reading

Don't forget books!

In fact, whilst there is a wealth of information on meteorology available via 'on-line' or other electronic methods, a good book on meteorology on your shelf to refer to is worth many hours of idle browsing. The list below is not intended to be 'the final word' but are ones that I have found useful. Some are no longer in print: you will need to hunt them out at second-hand bookstores, request them from your local library or perhaps try the 'on-line' second-hand book finding sites on the Net. There are also a number of 'on-line' ordering / supply sources for current-title books (and other media) to try.

N.B. Where Amazon links are given, these are affiliate links. Using these links to purchase books may yield a small payment towards the upkeep of this resource - at no cost to the purchaser. There is no obligation and you should feel free to break out of the affiliate link if you wish to.

  1. Handbook of Aviation Meteorology: (HMSO/Meteorological Office)
    This book was first published in 1960, and has recently (1994) been completely revised to its third edition. It is a weighty tome, and expensive, but worth the outlay, as much of the basic meteorology contained therein doesn't change radically. Note that it also includes useful information on decoding SYNOP, METAR and TAF data, and a guide to interpretation of Aviation SIGWX charts.
    Amazon
  2. Pilots' Weather: (John Murray/Ann Welch)
    Probably only available in libraries, but well worth hunting down, whether you are a pilot or not! Some fine case studies.
    Amazon
  3. A course in elementary meteorology: (HMSO/Meteorological Office)
    A 'back to basics' book that does perfectly what the title suggests - it is 'elementary' in the sense of being a thorough grounding, not superficial.
    Amazon
  4. Guinness Book of Weather Facts and Feats: (Guinness Superlatives/Ingrid Holford)
    Plenty of useful information on 'the weather', though you need to be wary of the 'extremes' of course, as they tend to change! Worth obtaining a copy for some of the photographs, and is a useful 'first-stop' for information.
    Amazon
  5. Weatherwise: (Macmillan-for the Sunday Telegraph/Philip Eden)
    As well as writing for the Daily and Sunday Telegraph, presenting weather forecasts on BBC Radio 5/'live', and acting as a consultant for other media (& web-based) outlets, Philip Eden is a regular contributor to the uk.sci.weather newsgroup, and indeed was responsible for its inception! To quote from the back cover: 'Weatherwise takes the reader through the year month by month, looking at both the typical and the freakish.....'. The book is a wealth of information on the British weather and written in an easy-to-read style, without losing any of its authority.
    Amazon
  6. Observer's Handbook: (HMSO/Meteorological Office)
    A fine source of information relating to observational procedure and standards of observing, with individual chapters relating to the principal elements to be observed, e.g. clouds, visibility, weather, wind etc. A useful section on observing and recording special optical phenomena, e.g. halo, noctilucent clouds etc.
    Amazon
  7. Essentials of Meteorology: (Taylor and Francis/D.H.McIntosh and A.S.Thom)
    A good 'first read' when trying to get to grips with the finer points of, for example, the gradient wind equation. Even tells you how to construct your own tephigram! Don't be put off by the mathematics early on in the book though - there is plenty of good general meteorology that will interest all.
    Amazon
  8. Climate, history and the modern world: (Methuen/H.H. Lamb)
    Any book written by the late Professor Lamb is well worth reading, and this book in particular is an ideal introduction to the subject of the study of past climates, and the impact that climate change can have on mankind.
    Amazon
  9. Teach yourself weather: (Hodder & Stoughton/Ralph Hardy)
    Good for beginners and provides further references for those who want to get into the mathematical side of things. It provides a good grounding on models, forecasting, observing and lots of other useful stuff. (thanks to Ian Waddell for this write-up)
    Amazon
  10. Regional Climates of the British Isles: (Routledge/ed: Dennis Wheeler and Julian Mayes)
    This recently published (1997) volume is full of information that all reading this newsgroup will find fascinating. After an introductory chapter dealing with the global circulation, and its relevance to regional/local weather systems in the British Isles, the following chapters focus on the regions which make up these islands. Each is packed with data and accompanied by illustrations, photographs, maps, synoptic charts etc. The final chapter deals with climate change and its impact on our region. In both hard and soft-back.
    Amazon
  11. Aviation Weather: (Jeppesen Sanderson Training Products/Peter F. Lester)
    The title is self-explanatory and its content should be of interest to many regulars and irregulars (!) of this forum. The publication comes highly recommended by Norman Lynagh, a stalwart of this newsgroup, and an individual with long experience in meteorology and its applications. He gives the contact point as:- Jeppesen UK Ltd., Three Bridges, Crawley, Sussex.
    Amazon
  12. Climate and the British Scene: (Collins/Gordon Manley)
    Originally written nearly half-a-century ago; the most recent revision I can trace is dated 1962. Therefore it will not be found except via libraries, second-hand bookshops and personal collections. It is worth tracking down for its authorship alone: Professor Manley is acknowledged to have had a deep understanding of the climatology of the British Isles, and his lasting legacy to climate studies (amongst a wealth of papers, books etc.), must be the CET series (see here). And the book is a "good read" - what better recommendation can there be? (thanks to John Hall for the suggested entry)
    Amazon
  13. Images in weather forecasting: (Cambridge Univ. Press/Bader et.al)
    First published in 1995, this is probably the most comprehensive guide to interpreting satellite and radar imagery that you can possibly imagine. Packed full of images, diagrams, conceptual models and explanatory notes, this volume is rapidly becoming *the* standard reference for use by 'practical' meteorologists .. rather expensive in hardback, but recently issued in paperback format.
    Amazon
  14. Meteorology and Flight: (A & C Black, London/Tom Bradbury)
    Suitable for all weather enthusiasts, not just aviators. Topics covered such as formation of depressions, cumulonimbus development, weather maps and much more. Plenty of diagrams, sketches etc. (thanks to Jack Harrison for the information.)
    Amazon
  15. Guide to Weather: (Philip's/Ross Reynolds)
    A handy guide to many aspects of meteorology pitched at the 'entry' level user! Plenty of clear, colourful diagrams and appropriate text - suitable for those new to this newsgroup who have no formal meteorological training - but have been "bitten by the bug".
    Amazon
  16. Maritime Weather and Climate: (Witherby & Co/William J. Burroughs and Norman Lynagh)
    The title says it all, but the following quote from the review in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society is apposite: " This is a 'must have' reference book for those whose interests and livelihoods are associated with the business of operating in the ocean environment ". As many will know, Norman is a regular contributor to the uk.sci.weather newsgroup with considerable experience & knowledge relating to the application of meteorological science both off- and onshore.
    Amazon
  17. Glossary of Meteorology (AMS/2nd edition): (American Meteorological Society/various)
    A comprehensive volume (published in 2000, updating the previous issue of 1959) which is highly recommended. Despite it's US origin, the Glossary covers many subjects of interest to us in UK/Europe. However, no diagrams or illustrations, and some entries involve complicated mathematics ('organ music' as my old C.Met.O used to say): order via the AMS web site... http://www.ametsoc.org/AMS/index.html
    Amazon
  18. The Collins Guide to the Weather of Britain & Europe: (Harper Collins/ed: D. Ludlum)
    The 'Collins Guides' have a well-founded reputation, enhanced here by a very useful addition to the publication range at an affordable price. Plenty of wonderful colour photographs of various weather phenomena, plus articles which will repay study. The editor is of course well-known in the field of meteorology and has obviously taken especial care with the contributions. We have waited some time for such a 'Guide', and I don't think members of this newsgroup will be disappointed with this one.
  19. Meteorology Today: an introduction to Weather, Climate, and the Environment: (Brooks-Cole Publishing Company/C. Donald Ahrens)
    The title sums up nicely the aim of this book - it is rather expensive (new/latest edition), but for anyone having a serious interest in the atmosphere and all its doings, then this 'once-in-a-lifetime' purchase is worthwhile - now (2002) in its sixth edition. (thanks to Yannis Karagiannis for this recommendation).
    Amazon
  20. The Daily Telegraph Book of the Weather: (New Century/Philip Eden)
    Philip Eden is the consummate professional meteorologist: he has a breadth and depth of experience & knowledge that is, I suggest, unrivalled and this book stands as a testament to his knowledge. I quote from the review on amazon.com .. " there are three interwoven strands which mark the progress of the weather/climate story .. the effect on human life - ordinary commercial and political; our desire and ability to predict its fluctuations; and our inability to control it at the same time as inadvertently changing it. This book traces these strands through history and offers some ideas concerning where they may go in the next 100 years. "; see also the entry at 5 (above)
    Amazon

 

Periodicals

Some magazines/periodicals etc.


Some magazines/journals which deal with meteorology, atmospheric sciences etc., on various levels are listed below: (N.B: If I've missed any, particularly for Ireland and regional areas in the UK, please forgive, but let me know the details so I can publicise!)

5B.1 THE JOURNAL OF METEOROLOGY: published monthly (sometimes every 2 months), in association with TORRO (see also here). Write to:- The Journal of Meteorology, PO Box 5161, Bournemouth, Dorset, BH10 4WJ. [ This magazine is an excellent read for all interested in meteorology, and although it has a core specialisation in thunderstorms and allied phenomena, it also carries well-written articles relating to a wide range of general meteorological topics. Also contains a statistical summary of the UK weather for a selection of sites and detailed summaries of thundery/tornadic activity. Suitable for anyone with a keen interest in the subject, both amateur and professional. ] Visit the website at: http://www.journalofmeteorology.com

5B.2 WEATHER: published monthly by the Royal Meteorological Society (see also here) write to: -Royal Meteorological Society (Weather Subs), 104, Oxford Road, Reading, Berkshire. RG1 7LL. [ This well produced magazine contains articles covering the full range of the meteorological science, from 'case-studies' of single events, through reviews of notable months/seasons in recent and long-past history, to long-term climatological and atmospheric physics surveys. You also get the monthly 'Weather Log' (currently edited by Philip Eden), which is an invaluable record of the weather, as it contains a series of miniature daily weather maps covering Europe and the North Atlantic, and a written summary of the weather, statistics etc. Suitable for all levels of expertise, both amateur and professional. ] follow the appropriate link from: http://www.royal-met-soc.org.uk/

5B.3 METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS: published quarterly in association with the Royal Meteorological Society (see also here) Write to:- Journals Marketing Dept., Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building, Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge. CB2 2RU. [ This magazine, (which replaced in large measure the long-running 'Meteorological Magazine' series in the UK), is aimed primarily at professional meteorologists, and users of meteorological services - hence the 'applications', and some of the subjects are given a rigorous mathematical/physical treatment. Despite this, keen amateurs would find something of interest in most issues, but unfortunately the annual subscription may be rather steep for many. ] follow the appropriate link from: http://www.royal-met-soc.org.uk/

5B.4 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY: published eight times per annum by the Royal Meteorological Society (see also here). Write to:- Royal Meteorological Society (QJRMetSoc), 104, Oxford Road, Reading, Berkshire. RG1 7LL. [ This publication is one of the leading meteorological journals in the science. It contains the results of ground-breaking research in the atmospheric sciences and applied meteorology. Its deep treatment of the subject, plus the annual subscription level mean that this publication is aimed at the academic and professional end of the market. ] follow the appropriate link from: http://www.royal-met-soc.org.uk/

(NB: the Royal Met.Soc web site also contains useful links relating to other, more specialised magazines that are available.)

5B.5 CLIMATOLOGICAL OBSERVER'S LINK - BULLETIN: published monthly. Details (and a specimen/free copy) are available from: Roger Brugge, 16 Wootton Way, Maidenhead, Berkshire. SL6 4QU. [ Roger Brugge is the secretary of COL which aims to publish the bulletin by about the 24th of the following month --- whilst the previous month's weather is still relatively fresh in the mind. They claim that the bulletin is one of the fastest sources of monthly meteorological data to be published. In addition to the monthly station summaries (currently around 300), there is a synopsis of the month's weather, letters page, mean surface pressure maps etc.] for more details, go to: http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~brugge/col.html

5B.6 WEATHER EYE: Three issues per year. Details via the web site: http://www.frostedearth.com or from: Frosted Earth, 77, Rickman Hill, Coulsdon, Surrey. CR5 3DT [The following is taken from the description on Ian Currie's web page..."If you have ever marvelled at a spectacular sunset, 'Weather eye' is for you. If you have set up a thermometer or rain gauge in the garden or regularly tune into the TV or radio for a Weather Forecast then 'Weather eye' will keep you absorbed in what is a fascinating subject"]

Other useful sites

4.1 SCI.GEO.METEOROLOGY NEWSGROUP FAQs:
sci.geo.meteorology, has a series of FAQ's for data sources. The multi-part FAQ is posted regularly to sci.geo.meteorology. You can obtain current copies of this FAQ series by anonymous FTP at:
ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/meteorology
or in hypertext form via http://www.faqs.org/
(as at March, 2002 the updating process on this series appears to have lapsed)

4.2 TORRO:
For the latest news on severe thunderstorm events, tornadoes, waterspouts etc., a visit to the web site of the Tornado and Storm Research Organisation is essential. TORRO have produced a FAQ / information series relating to matters that they are particularly interested in. In addition to the information on "severe" convective weather events, there are a host of other useful data and www links. Also visit this site for details of the TORRO Membership Scheme:
http://www.torro.org.uk/

4.3 ROGER BRUGGE'S WEATHER LINKS SITE:
This is one of the best maintained and most comprehensive of sites with links to 'weather data', i.e. both actual(real-time), forecast and climatological, not only for Europe, but around the world. There are also a multitude of links to other sources of information e.g.
> information on magazines/journals
> information on jobs available
> Climatological Observers Link (see this FAQ entry)
> Sources of monthly summaries
> Meteorological definitions
... and so on: far too many to list here.
Find it at:

http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~brugge/
... and for the NW European area: http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~brugge/bi.html

4.4 ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY:
Useful site with plenty of information about the activities of the Society, it's educational work and some links to other sites. The site is also worth visiting for a list of publications / periodicals the Society promotes:
http://www.rmets.org/

4.5 UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA - SCHOOL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES:
Well known for its work on climate research/change etc:
http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/

The Central England Temperature (CET), England and Wales Precipitation (EWP) and other data sets are available via this site. To go directly to these data use:(courtesy of Mike Hulme) http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/~mikeh/datasets/uk/

And, for graphs showing such as Global temperatures, Southern Oscillation Index and North Atlantic Oscillation Index go to: http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/tiempo/floor2/data/data.htm

4.6 BBC WEATHER CENTRE:
Lots of information on this site (including UK Radar data!) .. increasing all the time. Amongst the topics covered are: information on the presentation of weather forecasts, the team at the BBC Weather Centre, and background to the forecasts. Also, monthly summary details including provisional CET and EWR values.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/
in addition, you can now e:mail your weather observations direct to the BBC Weather Centre on:
emet@bbc.co.uk

4.7 THE UK WEATHER INFORMATION SITE:
A primary source for weather related information of interest to all uk.sci.weather contributors. The site is kept up to date by Martin Stubbs, and is recommended for 'first-contact' with respect to a whole range of actual and forecast data.
http://www.weather.org.uk/

4.8 UNIVERSITY OF COLOGNE (for plotted data):
A very useful site for daily & 6-hourly updates of plotted charts over Europe and other areas around the world. Includes rainfall, extremes of temperature, sunshine totals:
http://www.meteo.uni-koeln.de/meteo.php?show=En_We_Wk

4.9 ANT VEAL'S "UK WEATHER CENTRE"
A superb site full of links to all sorts of other sites of interest to the amateur weather community. As well as 'current weather', there are sections on books/publications to refer to, instrumentation, links to web-cams, etc. If you don't bookmark anything else, have this one!
http://www.greatweather.co.uk/index.html

4.10 WILL HAND'S WEB SITE:
Local Berkshire and east Dartmoor weather, links, etc. Also a useful forecast discussion series for the UK and Devon updated weekly.
maintained by: Will Hand:

http://www.lyneside.demon.co.uk/weather.htm

4.11 IRISH METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY:
links to forecasts, information etc., relating to Ireland:
http://homepage.eircom.net/~kcommins/MetSoc/

4.12 PITSFORD HALL WEATHER STATION:
Lots of local data, plus useful links to many other weather sites:
http://www.brixworth.demon.co.uk/weather

4.13 PRODATA ASSOCIATES/AUTOMATIC WEATHER STATIONS:
"This is a site for weather enthusiasts, hosted by Prodata Associates. It is intended as a resource especially for those with a fascination for setting up and using their own automatic weather station". [ Although this site carries some promotional material, its contents and advice will prove useful enough to justify inclusion in this FAQ.]
http://www.weatherstations.co.uk/

and, associated with this site is a very useful 'clickable' map linking many 'on-line' independent automatic weather stations across the UK:
http://www.weatherstations.co.uk/links.htm

4.14 WEATHER INFORMATION SITE:
Many useful links to, for example, satellite imagery, current & past weather, forecasts, weather reports/summaries for Birmingham & a useful list of meteorological abbreviations, decoding information etc. maintained by Richard Adams:
http://www.ukweather.freeserve.co.uk

4.15 FROSTED EARTH WEATHER SITE:
Various links and weather services/information etc., and details of books written by Ian Currie, the author of this web site. Of particular interest is the information relating to the magazine "Weather Eye" (see also here):
http://www.frostedearth.com

4.16 THERMODYNAMIC DIAGRAMS
This is a link to a section of this site with a description of the various diagrams used to represent atmospheric conditions in the vertical, plus links to sites that give guidance on how to interpret same. Also, via this link, you can find actual soundings plotted for use.
http://weatherfaqs.org.uk/node/168

4.17 JACK HARRISON'S GLIDING AND WEATHER SITE
Information & interpretation of weather forecasts for use by glider pilots (primarily for the southern half of the UK); a set of links to weather information of a relatively specialised nature of particular use to aviators and a 'ready-source' for the non-technical person of weather forecasts, satellite pictures, etc. There is also a very useful section explaining more about upper air soundings, with sources etc. Jack is a regular contributor to the newsgroup, a recently retired airline pilot (and a '3-diamond' glider pilot) of great experience and with his evident deep knowledge reinforced by flying in 'real weather', his site is well worth a visit:
http://www.weatherjack.co.uk/weather/weather-short.html

4.18 MET OFFICE WEB SITE
An increasing amount of information, both climatological & current-data, relating to the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland. Some very interesting 'past-weather' events to read. Also, a lot of information on current research into NWP & climate change, education support services and of course general information regarding the UK's primary weather services provider:
http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/

4.19 WEATHERONLINE
A truly superb site that has been around for some time. A source of both current, very recent and climatological data as well as providing NWP output (based on the NCEP model). Also, useful summaries of both individual weather events, and monthly write-ups, the latter often by Philip Eden.
http://www.weatheronline.co.uk

4.20 ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT
(That's how they spell Encyclopaedia!)
Provided by Manchester Metropolitan University, with support from the DETR, this site has a wealth of linked information relating to a whole host of atmospheric processes, and is pitched at levels to suit all in this newsgroup. Some of the topics covered are Acid Rain, the Atmosphere and its constituents, Climate change, Ozone amongst others.
http://www.doc.mmu.ac.uk/aric/eae/enter.html

4.21 WEATHERPICTURES
A superb site for images of all sort - including many to do with meteorology. The photographs of cloud formations in particular are quite stunning: maintained by Ian Collins.
http://fotoesque.com/

4.22 METEOGROUP (was, until 2006, PA WEATHERCENTRE)
A site that combines service on a strictly commercial basis with a wealth of information, data etc., that all will find of use: in particular, the provision of 15 minute 'real-time' radar imagery is a real 'boon' to the hobbyist, as is the availability of a decent on-line weather calculator. Also worthy of note is the 'news' section, including monthly weather summaries.
http://www.meteogroup.co.uk/uk/home/weather/weather.html

4.23 JOHN HOLMES: WEATHER STATION
John has many years experience of things meteorological - particularly from a practical point of view, so this site, containing local (Doncaster) data and links to other weather sites is well worth visiting / bookmarking.
http://www.johnholmes-weather.co.uk/

4.24 MET ÉIREANN: IRISH METEOROLOGICAL SERVICE
Usual forecasts, climatology etc., that you would expect from a national weather service plus other information; a useful explanation of the SYNOP code for example:
http://www.met.ie/

4.25 METBRIEF (JON O'ROURKE)
If you are looking for a site that gathers together a whole swathe of useful charts, links etc., to get you up to speed, this is the one! Jon has his finger on the pulse of what is currently available to meteorological enthusiasts, and is uniquely placed to bridge the gap between the keen members of uk.sci.weather & the professionals:
http://www.metbrief.com/

4.26 WEATHER-UK.COM (PHILIP EDEN)
Daily observations and monthly summaries for three sites - the official climatological station at Hampstead, north London; together with stations at Luton (Bedfordshire / England); and at Milhaguet in southwest-central France. Historical data is slowly being added to the Hampstead and Luton pages. There is also a resource for editors seeking feature copy with a 'weather' content:
http://www.weather-uk.com

4.27 CLIMATE-UK.COM (PHILIP EDEN)
Day-by-day monitoring of temperature, rainfall and sunshine in the UK (particularly useful to keep a track of latest CET & EWP values), together with monthly sea-level pressure (and anomaly) charts, and graphs of monthly circulation indices for the British Isles extending back to 1873. Monthly reviews of the UK's weather in the style of the old DWR Monthly Summary.
"Not The Long-Range Forecast" provides a prospect for the next 30-days based on a subjective selection of analogues, and Philip tells me ... 'this was designed as a non-self-promoting antidote to the proliferation of over-hyped and under-explained long-range forecasts available on the internet.' See this site at:
http://www.climate-uk.com

4.28 EUROTEMPEST
EuroTempest is a collaborative effort involving the insurance industry & researchers expert in using NWP modelling to forecast extreme winds & resultant damage. The data are provided via web-graphical & text-based output in real-time. The academic 'lead' is based at University College, London (UCL). Via this site, output can be viewed on forecast wind fields, and by registering, you can receive alerts when 'high wind' events are forecast that might cause damage out to 5 days ahead.
http://www.eurotempest.com/

4.29 THE WORLD OF WEATHER
Mark Boardman has an interesting site with items on various aspects of the weather.
http://www.agloriousfuture.com/